Sites


Below is an alphabetical list of all the Sites catalogued in this Website.  These are listed according to their modern, currently-used toponym in the local language, unless the medieval name is securely known.  Refer to the site descriptions for possible medieval or earlier toponyms; these are given with appropriate explanations even if they cannot be securely attributed.  The list can be resorted by country or region.


Site Region Country Location Cultures
Ak Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 32’ N, 36° 22’ E
Armenian
Akça The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 18’ N, 39° 29’ E
Byzantine
Akdam Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 33’ N, 35° 58’ E
Late Antique, Byzantine, Armenian
Akdamar Historic Armenia, Eastern Turkey Turkey
38° 20’ N, 43° 02’ E
Armenian
Akkale Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 33’ N, 34° 15’ E
Late Antique, Byzantine, Armenian
Alafakılar Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 36’ N, 35° 40’ E
Byzantine, Armenian
Alahan Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 42’ N, 33° 22’ E
Late Antique, Byzantine, Armenian
Amuda Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 11’ N, 36° 05’ E
Arab, Crusader, Armenian, Mamluk
Anacık Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 23’ N, 36° 20’ E
Armenian
Anahşa Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 23’ N, 34° 54’ E
Byzantine, Armenian
Anavarza Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 15’ N, 35° 54’ E
Mamluk, Armenian, Arab, Byzantine, Late Antique, Roman, Crusader
Andıl Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 32’ N, 35° 47’ E
Armenian
Andoz The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 49’ N, 38° 42’ E
Byzantine
Araklı The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 56’ N, 40° 03’ E
Byzantine
Ardanuç The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 57’ N, 42° 03’ E
Georgian, Armenian
Ardasa The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 33’ N, 39° 17’ E
Byzantine, Roman
Arslanköy Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 01’ N, 34° 17’ E
Armenian, Byzantine
Artvin The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 11’ N, 41° 49’ E
Byzantine, Armenian, Ottoman, Georgian
Ayas Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 56’ N, 35° 47’ E
Ottoman, Mamluk, Italian, Crusader, Armenian, Late Antique, Roman, Hellenistic
Azgit Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 36’ N, 36° 22’ E
Armenian
Babaoğlan Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 14’ N, 36° 11’ E
Late Antique, Byzantine, Armenian
Bağras Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 25’ N, 36° 13’ E
Byzantine, Arab, Armenian, Crusader, Mamluk
Başnalar Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 49’ N, 34° 30’ E
Armenian
Bayremker Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 50’ N, 35° 38’ E
Armenian
Bedrama The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 53’ N, 38° 41’ E
Byzantine
Belen Keşlik Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 58’ N, 34° 33’ E
Armenian
Bodrum Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 10’ N, 36° 11’ E
Armenian
Bolaman The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 02’ N, 37° 38’ E
Byzantine, Ottoman
Bostan Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 38’ N, 35° 36’ E
Late Antique, Armenian, Byzantine
Bucak Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 26’ N, 35° 55’ E
Armenian
Çalan Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 39’ N, 36° 19’ E
Crusader
Çaleoğlu The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 01’ N, 37° 29’ E
Hellenistic, Late Antique, Byzantine
Canbazlı Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 35’ N, 34° 02’ E
Late Antique, Byzantine, Armenian
Çandır Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 01’ N, 34° 36’ E
Armenian
Çardak Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 04’ N, 36° 19’ E
Byzantine, Armenian, Mamluk
Çem Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 33’ N, 36° 02’ E
Late Antique, Byzantine, Armenian
Cücürüs The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 35’ N, 41° 55’ E
Armenian
Dibi The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 51’ N, 39° 01’ E
Byzantine
Dibi Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 35’ N, 36° 29’ E
Byzantine, Armenian
Diyarbakır Historic Armenia, Eastern Turkey Turkey
37° 54’ N, 40° 14’ E
Pre-Bronze Age, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Armenian, Persian, Arab, Seljuk, Ottoman, Russian
Doğubeyazit Historic Armenia, Eastern Turkey Turkey
39° 32’ N, 44° 05’ E
Urartian, Armenian, Seljuk, Georgian, Ottoman, Persian, Turkish
Erzurum Historic Armenia, Eastern Turkey Turkey
40° 01’ N, 41° 34’ E
Armenian, Arab, Seljuk, Ottoman, Byzantine
Evciler Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 02’ N, 34° 29’ E
Byzantine, Armenian
Eynesil The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 03’ N, 39° 08’ E
Byzantine
Ferhatlı The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 03’ N, 42° 00’ E
Georgian
Fındıklı Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 55’ N, 36° 25’ E
Armenian
Fındıkpınar Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 55’ N, 34° 22’ E
Armenian
Frenk Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 58’ N, 36° 21’ E
Armenian
Geben Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 48’ N, 36° 26’ E
Late Antique, Byzantine, Armenian, Crusader, Mamluk, Turkish
Gediği Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 00’ N, 34° 23’ E
Armenian
Gelida The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 07’ N, 39° 19’ E
Byzantine
Giresun The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 54’ N, 38° 23’ E
Hellenistic, Late Antique, Byzantine
Gökvelioğlu Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 50’ N, 35° 37’ E
Arab, Byzantine, Armenian
Gözne Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 59’ N, 34° 34’ E
Armenian
Gülek Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 16’ N, 34° 47’ E
Late Antique, Byzantine, Arab, Armenian, Mamluk
Gümüşhane The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 27’ N, 39° 28’ E
Byzantine
Haçtırın Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 29’ N, 36° 21’ E
Armenian, Byzantine
Hamsi Köy The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 42’ N, 39° 29’ E
Byzantine
Haruniye Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 15’ N, 36° 29’ E
Mamluk, Armenian, Byzantine, Arab, Crusader
Hasanbeyli Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 07’ N, 36° 33’ E
Armenian, Crusader
Hisar Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 01’ N, 34° 27’ E
Armenian
Hotalan Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 30’ N, 35° 14’ E
Armenian
Īşa Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 27’ N, 35° 07’ E
Armenian
Kadirli Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 22’ N, 36° 07’ E
Byzantine, Late Antique, Armenian
Kalası Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 35’ N, 36° 27’ E
Armenian
Karafrenk Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 09’ N, 36° 35’ E
Crusader, Arab
Kars Historic Armenia, Eastern Turkey Turkey
40° 37’ N, 43° 06’ E
Armenian, Seljuk, Georgian, Ottoman, Russian
Kaymaklı The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 59’ N, 39° 44’ E
Armenian
Keçi The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 21’ N, 39° 42’ E
Byzantine
Kız (near Dorak / Durak railway station) Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 09’ N, 34° 58’ E
Armenian, Crusader
Kız (near Gözne / Gösne) Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 02’ N, 34° 37’ E
Armenian
Körolu The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 36’ N, 41° 57’ E
Armenian
Korykos Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 27’ N, 34° 09’ E
Hellenistic, Roman, Late Antique, Arab, Byzantine, Armenian, Crusader
Kov The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 19’ N, 39° 32’ E
Byzantine
Kozcağız Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 02’ N, 36° 35’ E
Byzantine, Armenian
Kum Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 22’ N, 36° 16’ E
Crusader
Kütüklu Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 07’ N, 35° 08’ E
Crusader
Kuzucubelen Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 50’ N, 34° 26’ E
Armenian
Lamas Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 34’ N, 34° 15’ E
Late Antique, Armenian, Byzantine
Lampron Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 10’ N, 34° 36’ E
Mamluk, Armenian, Byzantine, Late Antique
Mancılık (near Dörtyol) Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 53’ N, 36° 16’ E
Armenian
Mansurlu Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 56’ N, 35° 37’ E
Byzantine, Late Antique
Maran Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 50’ N, 35° 48’ E
Armenian
Mazılık Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 30’ N, 35° 28’ E
Armenian, Byzantine, Late Antique
Meydan Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 30’ N, 35° 22’ E
Armenian
Milvan Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 18’ N, 34° 57’ E
Armenian, Byzantine
Misis Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 57’ N, 35° 38’ E
Arab, Armenian, Italian, Mamluk, Byzantine, Late Antique
Mitisin Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 58’ N, 36° 26’ E
Byzantine
Oğlı The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 17’ N, 42° 31’ E
Late Antique, Georgian, Armenian
Olan The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 42’ N, 42° 19’ E
Armenian
Oltu The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 32’ N, 41° 59’ E
Armenian, Georgian, Byzantine, Seljuk
Payas Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 55’ N, 36° 12’ E
Ottoman, Armenian
Penek The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 40’ N, 42° 16’ E
Georgian, Armenian
Pillar of Jonah Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 38’ N, 36° 13’ E
Pre-Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Armenian, Crusader, Mamluk
Rifatiye I Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 39’ N, 36° 19’ E
Armenian
Rifatiye II Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 40’ N, 36° 18’ E
Byzantine, Armenian
Saimbeyli Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 59’ N, 36° 05’ E
Armenian
Sarı Çiçek Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 29’ N, 35° 20’ E
Armenian
Sarı Seki Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 39’ N, 36° 14’ E
Mamluk, Crusader
Savranda Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 08’ N, 36° 27’ E
Mamluk, Armenian, Byzantine, Crusader
Şavşat The Marchlands, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 14’ N, 42° 21’ E
Georgian, Armenian
Şebinkarahisar The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 17’ N, 38° 25’ E
Byzantine, Armenian, Seljuk, Ottoman, Late Antique
Silifke Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 22’ N, 33° 54’ E
Crusader, Armenian, Byzantine
Sinap (near Çandır) Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 00’ N, 34° 36’ E
Armenian
Sinap (near Lampron) Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 11’ N, 34° 36’ E
Armenian
Sis Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 27’ N, 35° 48’ E
Mamluk, Armenian, Arab, Byzantine
Sumela The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
40° 48’ N, 39° 02’ E
Byzantine
Tamrut Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 29’ N, 35° 11’ E
Armenian
Tece Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 43’ N, 34° 27’ E
Armenian, Crusader
Tirebolu The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey Turkey
41° 00’ N, 38° 49’ E
Byzantine
Toprak Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 03’ N, 36° 08’ E
Hittite, Arab, Byzantine, Armenian, Crusader, Mamluk, Ottoman
Trapesak Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 31’ N, 36° 21’ E
Crusader, Armenian, Arab, Mongol, Mamluk
Tumil Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 50’ N, 34° 40’ E
Crusader
Tumlu Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 09’ N, 35° 42’ E
Armenian
Vahga Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 51’ N, 35° 57’ E
Byzantine, Armenian, Turkish
Yaka Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
36° 53’ N, 34° 47’ E
Crusader
Yeni Köy Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 31’ N, 35° 25’ E
Byzantine, Armenian
Yılan Cilicia, South-Central Turkey Turkey
37° 01’ N, 35° 54’ E
Armenian