Cited References


Abbreviations for All Authors' Cited Bibliographical References (Ref.)

 

Aghtʽamar = Sirarpie Der Nersessian, Aghtʽamar, Church of the Holy Cross, Cambridge, Mass., 1965

 

Aght’amar 2 = Sirarpie Der Nercessian and Herman Vahramian, Aght’amar: La regione di Vaspourakan ed il complesso architettonico di Aght’amar - The Vaspourakan Region and the Aght’amar Monastery, Documenti di Architettura Armena - Documents of Armenian Architecture, vol. 8, Edizioni Ares, Milan, 1974

 

Akkale = Robert W. Edwards, “The Domed Mausoleum at Akkale in Cilicia,” Byzantinoslavica: Revue Internationale des Études Byzantines 50, 1989

 

Alahan = Mary Gough, ed., Alahan: An Early Christian Monastery in Southern Turkey, Toronto, 1985

 

Amida = Christina Maranci, “The Art and Architecture of Amida (Diarbekir) and Edessa (Urfa),” in Richard G. Hovannisian, ed., Armenian Tigranakert/Diarbekir and Edessa/Urfa, Costa Mesa, California, 2006

 

Anazarbos = R. Posamentir, “Anazarbos in Late Antiquity,” Archaeology and the Cities of Asia Minor in Late Antiquity, eds., O. Dally and C. Ratté, Ann Arbor, 2011

 

Anazarbus = M. Gough, “Anazarbus,” Anatolian Studies 2, 1952

 

Ani = Paolo Cuneo, Armen Zarian, Gabriella Uluhogian, Nichole Thierry, and Jean-Michel Thierry, Ani: L’architettura della città di Ani - The Architecture of the City of Ani, Documenti di Architettura Armena - Documents of Armenian Architecture, vol. 12, Edizioni Ares, Milan, 1984

 

Antioche =  P. Jacquot, Antioche, vol. 1, Antakya, 1931

 

Architecture = Vazken L. Parsegian, ed., Armenian Architecture: A Documented Photo-Archival Collection on Microfiche for the Study of Armenian Architecture of Transcaucasia and the Near- and Middle-East, from the Medieval Period Onwards, 8 vols., microfiche, Zug, 1980-1990

 

Armenia = Nicholas Adontz, Armenia in the Period of Justinian: The Political Conditions based on the Naxarar System, trans. with partial revisions, a bibliographical note and appendices by Nina Garsoïan, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Press, Lisbon, 1970

 

Bağras = Robert W. Edwards, “Bağras and Armenian Cilicia: A Reassessment,” Revue des Études Arméniennes 17, 1983

 

Basilique = S. Eyice, “La basilique de Canbazli en Cilicie,” Zograf 10, 1979

 

Burgen = Hansgerd Hellenkemper, Burgen der Kreuzritterzeit in der Grafschaft Edessa und im Königreich Kleinarmenien, Rudolf Habelt Verlag GMBH, Bonn, 1976

 

Burgruine = W. Heffening, “Eine Burgruine im Taurus,” Repertorium für Kunstwissenschaft 45, 1925

 

Byzantine = Anthony Bryer and David Winfield, The Byzantine Monuments and Topography of the Pontos, 2 vols., Dumbarton Oaks Studies Twenty, Dumbarton Oaks: Trustees for Harvard University, Washington D.C., 1985

 

Canbazlı = O. Feld, “Die Kirche in Canbazli in Rauhen Kilikien,” Festschrift für J. Langner, eds., K. Bauckers and A. Jaeggi, Münster, 1997

 

Castles = Wolfgang Muller-Wiener, Castles of the Crusaders, trans. J. Maxwell Brownjohn, Thames and Hudson Publishers, London, 1966

 

Châteaux = Régis Crozat, Châteaux oubliés et cités disparues: Sur les routes de l’Orient, Paris, 2016

 

Churches = Robert W. Edwards, “Two New Byzantine Churches in Cilicia,” Anatolian Studies 32, 1982

 

Cilician = The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia, ed., T. S. R. Boase, Scottish Academic Press, Edinburgh, 1978

 

Cilicie  = D. Feissel, “Deux grandes familles isauriennes du Ve siècle d’après des inscriptions de Cilicie Trachée,” Mitteilungen zur christlichen Archäologie 5, 1999

 

Commonality = James Petre, “Commonality in Crusader Construction in Armenian Cilicia and Cyprus: The Case for Kantara and the Catalyst of Korykos,” Crusader Landscapes in the Medieval Levant: The Archaeology and History of the Latin East, eds. M. Sinibaldi et al., University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 2016

 

Constantin =  Maxime Goepp, Claude Mutafian, et Agnès Ouzounian, “L’Inscription du Régent Constantin de Papeṙōn (1241),” Revue des Études Arméniennes 34, 2012

 

Crusader = Robin Fedden and John Thomson, Crusader Castles, John Murray Publishers, London, 1957

 

Doğubeyazit = Robert W. Edwards, “The Fortress at Doğubeyazit (Daroynk‘),” Revue des Études Arméniennes 18, 1984

 

Donjon = Robert W. Edwards, “The Crusader Donjon at Anavarza,” Abstracts of the 10thAnnual Byzantine Studies Conference, Cincinnati, 1984

 

Drazark = Jirair Christianian, “The Discovery of the Medieval Armenian Monastery of Drazark in Kıbrıslar, Cilicia”, Revue des Etudes Arméniennes 40, 2020

 

Eastern = Thomas A. Sinclair, Eastern Turkey: An Architectural and Archaeological Survey, 4 vols., The Pindar Press, London, 1987-1990

 

Ecclesiastical 1 = Robert W. Edwards, “Ecclesiastical Architecture in the Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: First Report,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 36, 1982

 

Ecclesiastical 2 = Robert W. Edwards, “Ecclesiastical Architecture in the Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: Second Report,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 37, 1983

 

Eerdmans = The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, 3 vols., ed., Paul C. Finney, William. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2017

 

Erzurum = Rahmi Unal, Les Monuments islamiques anciens de la ville d’ Erzurum et de sa région, Paris, 1963

 

Expedition = Robert W. Edwards, The Uncensored Account of the Perilous 1979 Expedition to Save Armenian Monuments in Cilicia, Turkey, Kindle Edition (Amazon Online), 2016

 

Fortifications = Robert W. Edwards, The Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia, Dumbarton Oaks Studies Twenty-Three, Dumbarton Oaks: Trustees for Harvard University, Washington D.C., 1987

 

Fortificazioni = F. De’Maffie, “Fortificazioni di Giustiniano sul limes orientale. Monumente e fonti,” The 17th International Byzantine Congress, Major Papers, Washington D.C., 1986

 

Geography = W. M. Ramsay, The Historical Geography of Asia Minor, Royal Geographical Society, London, 1890, reprint: New York, 1972

 

Hierapolis= M. Sayar et al., Inschriften aus Hierapolis-Kastabala, Vienna, 1989

 

Iranica =  Encyclopaedia Iranica, 45 vols., eds. E. Yarshater and Elton Daniel, Encyclopaedia Iranica Foundation, New York, 1985-2019 

 

Isauria = S. Hill, The Early Byzantine Churches of Cilicia and Isauria, Aldershot, 1966

 

Islam = Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd ed., 4 vols., eds. M. Th. Houtsma et al., 1954-2005

 

Karatepe = Helmut T. Bossert and U. Bahadır Alkım, Karatepe: Kadirli ve dolayları, Pulhan Basimevi, Istanbul, 1947

 

Karin = Christina Maranci, “The Architecture of the Karin/Erzerum Region,” in Richard G. Hovannisian, ed.,  Armenian Karin/Erzerum, Costa Mesa, California, 2003

 

Kars = Jean Michel Thierry, La Cathédrale des Saints-Apôtres de Kars, Louvain, 1963

 

Kilikien = J. Gottwald, “Burgen und Kirchen im mittleren Kilikien,” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 41, 1941

 

Korykos = E. Herzfeld and S. Guyer, Meriamlik und Korykos, vol. 2, Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua, Manchester, 1930

 

Lampron = F. C. R. Robinson and P. C. Hughes, “Lampron – Castle of Armenian Cilicia,” Anatolian Studies 19, 1969

 

Legacy = David Kertmenjian, “Armenian City Quarters and the Architectural Legacy of the Pontus,” in Richard G. Hovannisian, ed.,  Armenian Pontus: The Trebizond-Black Sea Communities, Costa Mesa, California, 2009

 

Lewon = Samvel Grigoryan, “Named for Lewon the Young: The Medieval Name and Date of Construction of Yılankale,” Revue des Études Arméniennes 37, 2016-2017

 

Mamluks = Angus Donal Stewart, The Armenian Kingdom and the Mamluks: War and Diplomacy during the Reigns of Het’um II (1289-1307), Brill: Leiden, 2001

 

Marchlands 1 = Robert W. Edwards, “Medieval Architecture in the Oltu-Penek Valley: A Preliminary Report on the Marchlands of Northeast Turkey,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 39, 1985

 

Marchlands 2 = Robert W. Edwards, “The Fortifications of Artvin: A Second Preliminary Report on the Marchlands of Northeast Turkey,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 40, 1986

 

Marchlands 3 = Robert W. Edwards, “The Vale of Kola: A Final Preliminary Report on the Marchlands of Northeast Turkey,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 42, 1988

 

Paintings = G. Millet and Talbot Rice, Byzantine Paintings in Trabzon, London, 1938

 

Pontos = Robert W. Edwards, “The Garrison Forts of the Pontos: The Case for the Diffusion of the Armenian Paradigm,” Revue des Études Arméniennes 19, 1985

 

Reallexikon  = Reallexikon zur byzantinischen Kunst, 7 vols., eds., Klaus Wessel and Marcell Restle, Anton Hiersemann Publishers, Stuttgart, 1966-2019

 

Reise = Theodor Kotschy, Reise in der cilicischen Taurus, Gotha, 1858

 

Şebinkarahisar = Robert W. Edwards, “The Fortress of Şebinkarahisar,” Corso di Cultura sull’Arte Ravennate e Bizantina 32, 1985

 

Séléfké = J. Langendorf and G. Zimmermann, “La forteresse de Séléfké (Turquie),” Genava 12, 1964

 

Servantikar = Paul Deschamps, “Le chateau de Servantikar en Cilicie,” Syria 18, 1937

 

Settlements = Robert W. Edwards, “Settlements and Toponymy in Armenian Cilicia,” Revue des Études Arméniennes 24, 1993

 

Sissouan = Fr. Ghevond Alishan, Sissouan ou l’Arméno-Cilicie. Description géographique et historique, Venice, 1899

 

Studien = S. Eyice, “Akkale,” Studien zur spätantiken und byzantinischen Kunst, eds. O. Feld and U. Peschlow, vol. 1, Bonn, 1986

 

Tamrut = Jirair Christianian, “The Inscription at Tamrut Castle: The Case for a Revision of Armenian History,” Le Muséon 132 (1-2), 2019

 

Tao = Nicole Thierry, “Les peintures historiques d’Oškʼi (Tʼao),” Revue des Études Géorgiennes et Caucasiennes 2, 1986

 

Three = G. R. Youngs, “Three Cilician Castles,” Anatolian Studies 15, 1965

 

Til = J. Gottwald, “Die Burg Til im südöstlichen Kilikien,” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 40, 1940

 

Trabzon = Robert W. Edwards, “Armenian and Byzantine Religious Practices in Early Fifteenth-Century Trabzon,” Revue des Études Arméniennes 23, 1992

 

Vahga = J. G. Dunbar and W. W. M. Boal, “The Castle at Vahga,” Anatolian Studies 14, 1964

 

Yılan = Robert W. Edwards, “On the Supposed Date of Yılan Kalesi,” Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, 1, 1984



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Medieval Fortresses and Castles in Turkey: https://ruine.wordpress.com/turquie-la-cilicie/

 

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An online Armenian art history book by Dickran Kouymjian, California State University, Fresno:     https://web.archive.org/web/20110820063104/http://armenianstudies.csufresno.edu/iaa_architecture/index.htm