: Diyarbakır
: Turkey
: Historic Armenia, Eastern Turkey
: 37° 54’ N, 40° 14’ E
: Hellenistic, Persian, Pre-Bronze Age, Roman, Arab, Seljuk, Ottoman, Armenian, Byzantine, Russian

Diyarbakır [Grk: Amida; Arm: Amid or Amitʽ] is a site with pre-Bronze age remains.  In A.D. 349 the Emperor Constantius II refortified the existing garrison post with a citadel to protect the themes of Armenia.  This fortification was later restored by the Emperor Justinian using Armenian masons.  Its impressive walls of basalt, which extend over 5 km in length, have 4 gates with over 80 towers and salients.  Substantial repairs and additions were made by the Persians, Arabs, Seljuks, Ottomans, and Russians.


Ref: Armenia, pp. 26, 87, 257, 375, 410, 87-88,* 186*; Eerdmans, Robert W. Edwards, “Diyarbakır,” vol. 1, pp. 427-428; Reallexikon, Marcell Restle, “Amida,” vol. 1, pp. 133-137; Fortificazioni, pp. 237-263; Amida, passim.

No plan was executed.

(Site description written and references compiled by Robert W. Edwards)

: Amida, Amid, Amitʽ, Amit, Ամիդ, Ամիթ, Dikranagerd, Tigranakert, Տիգրանակերտ, Diarbekir, Diyarbakir, Ἀμίδα

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Robert W. Edwards