: Ardasa
: Turkey
: The Pontos, Northeastern Turkey
: 40° 33’ N, 39° 17’ E
: Roman, Byzantine

Ardasa / Torul is a large Byzantine garrison fortress with a possible late Roman foundation.  The lower bailey is severely damaged, but the upper bailey has two levels with well-preserved walls and embrasured loopholes.  This site protected the strategic highway linking Trabzon and Tirebolu to Erzincan.


Ref: Pontos, pp. 205-207, 269-272; Byzantine, p. 305; Armenia, pp. 53, 81, 188*.


Additional photos are in the references above.

(Site description written and references compiled by Robert W. Edwards)

: Torul

Site Album Images Description Author Year Cultures
Site Plan(s)
Robert W. Edwards
Roman, Byzantine
Color Transparencies
Robert W. Edwards
Roman, Byzantine