A Descriptive Catalogue of Photographs of Armenian Fortifications, Churches, and Monasteries in Cilicia
Compiled and Described by Jirair Christianian
© 2020, Jirair Christianian
All rights are reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright conventions.
Jirair Christianian, the owner, creator and copyright holder, authorizes with his written permission all scholars to use and reproduce the photographs and plans herein for their research and publications as long as they cite the creator and years created.
Jirair Christianian can be reached via the Contact page.
Table of Contents
Abbreviations for Frequently Cited Bibliographical References
I was inspired by the monumental work of Robert W. Edwards to document additional sites in Cilicia that he was unable to visit or survey, and to record the further damage and destruction of those he painstakingly did. In his words, “many more await discovery”. I hope that my contributions in Volume Two of The Christian Architecture of the Levant provide researchers some further material in this regard.
My own travels in Cilicia have resulted in a modest few new discoveries, which I have begun to publish. It is my intention to add photographs and descriptions of these in small increments, as time permits.
Jirair Christianian was born in Lebanon, the grandson of survivors of the Armenian Genocide, and has been living in the USA since 1978. He is married, with three children who are equally passionate about their Armenian heritage. He earned his BS from the Colorado School of Mines in Geophysical Engineering in 1985, and his MA from the University of Houston in Geophysics in 1989. He is a businessman, based in Boulder, Colorado. He developed an interest in Armenians history and numismatics in 2001, and has since published a number of articles on topics in Armenian Numismatics and the Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia.
Christianian, J., “The Discovery of the Medieval Armenian Monastery of Drazark in Kıbrıslar, Cilicia”, Revue des Études Arméniennes, 39, 2020, pp. 361-402 (forthcoming).
Christianian, J., “The Inscription at Tamrut Castle: The Case for a Revision of Armenian History”, Le Muséon, 132 (1-2), 2019, pp. 107-122.
Christianian, J., “A Seljuq Overstrike of Kaika’us II and a New Kardez Type for Hetoum I of Cilician Armenia”, Armenian Numismatic Journal, Ser. II, Vol. 8 (38), No. 4, Dec. 2012, pp. 81-87, pl. 6.
Christianian, J., “Additional Observations Regarding Artageira Civic Coppers with Nike Bust”, Armenian Numismatic Journal, Ser. II, Vol. 4 (34), No. 1, Mar. 2008, pp. 21-22, pl. 1.
Christianian, J., “Regarding Civic Bronzes Struck in Armenia in AD 1-4” (translation from Eastern Armenian to English of article by Ruben Vardanyan, originally published in Handes Amsorya, Vol. CXVII, 2003, pp. 143-163), Armenian Numismatic Journal, Ser. II, Vol. 3 (33), No. 4, Dec. 2007, pp. 69-77, pl. 2.
Christianian, J., “A Copper Coin of Tigranes II with Unpublished Countermark and Rare Monogram”, Armenian Numismatic Journal, Ser. II, Vol. 1 (31), No. 3, Sep. 2005, pp. 65-67, pl. 7.
Christianian, J., “A Counterfeit Levon-Hetoum Silver Tram Revisited”, Armenian Numismatic Journal, Ser. I, Vol. XXIX, No. 3, Sep. 2003, pp. 81-82, pl. 5.
Christianian, J., Review of Silver Coinage of the Artaxiad Dynasty of Armenia, by Y. T. Nercessian, Armenian Numismatic Society, Special Publications No. 11, Los Angeles, 2006. English with Armenian summary. In: Armenian Numismatic Journal, Ser. II, Vol. 3 (33), No. 3, Sep. 2007, p. 60.
Christianian, J., Review of Silver Coinage of the Artaxiad Dynasty of Armenia, by Y. T. Nercessian, Armenian Numismatic Society, Special Publications No. 11, Los Angeles, 2006. English with Armenian summary. In: The Armenian Observer, Jul. 18, 2007, p. 12.
General Editor, The Christian Architecture of the Levant website, https://charlvarchive.org.
Abbreviations for Cited Bibliographical References
Architettura = Paolo Cuneo, L’Architettura della Scuola Regionale di Ani nell’Armenia Medievale, Rome, 1977
Armenian Art = Patrick Donabedian, and Jean-Michel Thierry, Armenian Art, New York, 1989
Arménie = Claude Mutafian, L’Arménie du Levant (XIe-XIVe Siècle), Paris, 2012, V. I, p. 617-620, 2 Vols
Arméniens = Gérard Dédéyan, Les Arméniens entre Grecs, Musulmans et Croisés: Etude sur les Pouvoirs Arméniens dans le Proche-Orient Méditerranéen (1068-1150), Lisbon, 2003, 2 Vols
Burgen = Hansgerd Hellenkemper, Burgen der Kreuzritterzeit in der Grafschaft Edessa und im Königreich Kleinarmenien, Rudolf Habelt Verlag GMBH, Bonn, 1976
Constantin = Maxime Goepp, Claude Mutafian, et Agnès Ouzounian, “L’Inscription du Régent Constantin de Papeṙōn (1241),” Revue des Études Arméniennes 34, 2012
Drazark = Jirair Christianian, “The Discovery of the Medieval Armenian Monastery of Drazark in Kıbrıslar, Cilicia”, Revue des Etudes Arméniennes 39, 2020
Ecclesiastical 1 = Robert W. Edwards, “Ecclesiastical Architecture in the Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: First Report,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 36, 1982
Ecclesiastical 2 = Robert W. Edwards, “Ecclesiastical Architecture in the Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: Second Report,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 37, 1983
Forschungen = Hansgerd Hellenkemper and Friedrich Hild, Neue Forschungen in Kilikien, Vienna, 1986
Fortifications = Robert W. Edwards, The Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia, Dumbarton Oaks Studies Twenty-Three, Dumbarton Oaks: Trustees for Harvard University, Washington D.C., 1987
Hoṙomos = Jean-Michel Thierry, Le Couvent Arménien d’Hoṙomos, Louvain, 1980
Kıbrıslar = Hülya Yüceer, Melik Efeoğluy, and Fatma Zoroğlu, “Kozan Kıbrıslar Köyü Cami: Kırsal Alanda Kiliseden Camiye Dönüştürülmüş Bir Yapının Mimari Analizi,” Adana Bilim ve Teknoloji Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, vol.1.1, July 2018
Kilikien = J. Gottwald, “Burgen und Kirchen im mittleren Kilikien,” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 41, 1941
Kilikien und Isaurien = Friedrich Hild and Hansgerd Hellenkemper, Kilikien und Isaurien, Vienna, 1990
Kilise = Hülya Yüceer, “Adana ve Kuzey Kıbrıs’ta Yer Alan Camiye Dönüştürülmüş Kilise Yapıları Üzerine Bir Karşılaştırmalı Çalışma,” Çukurova Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mirmarlık Falültesi Dergisi, vol. 31.2, December 2016
Location = Samvel Grigoryan, “The location of Drazark”, Handes Amsorya, No. 1-12, Vienna, 2017
Miniature = Sirarpie Der Nersessian, Miniature Painting in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Century, Dumbarton Oaks Studies 31, Washington, D.C., 1987
Ornamental Art = Armen Kyurkchyan and Hrair Hawk Khatcherian, Armenian Ornamental Art, Yerevan, 2010
Settlements = Robert W. Edwards, “Settlements and Toponymy in Armenian Cilicia,” Revue des Études Arméniennes 24, 1993
Sissouan = Fr. Ghevond Alishan, Sissouan ou l’Arméno-Cilicie. Description géographique et historique, Venice, 1899
Smbat = Gérard Dédéyan, La Chronique Attribuée au Connétable Smbat, Paris, 1980
Tamrut = Jirair Christianian, “The Inscription at Tamrut Castle: The Case for a Revision of Armenian History,” Le Muséon 132 (1-2), 2019
Yılan = Robert W. Edwards, “On the Supposed Date of Yılan Kalesi,” Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, 1, 1984